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Date posted: March 10, 2008
By Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics

Labour force Participation rate declined by 2% in the West Bank and 6% in Gaza Strip during 4th quarter 2007

Hebron governorate registered the highest unemployment rate among the West Bank governorates ( 30.5%), while in Gaza Strip, Khan Younis governorate registered the highest percentage of unemployment (34.2%)

This report is based on the Labour Force quarterly Survey. Data was collected during 7/10/2007 to 4/1/2008, representing the 4th quarter 2007.

The survey sample of this round is based on the 1997 census (Updated on 2003), 7,546 households were selected to represent the Palestinian society of which 5,903 questionnaires were completed.

Economically Active:

According to the ILO standards, the percentage of participants in labour force decreased by 3.0% between the 3rd quarter 2007 and the 4th quarter 2007, where it decreased from 42.7% in the 3rd quarter 2007 to 41.4% in the 4th quarter 2007, compared with 43.0% in the 4th quarter 2006. The participation rate of women decreased from 15.7% in the 3rd quarter 2007 to 15.5% in the 4th quarter 2007, the change rate is 1.3%.

Unemployed Persons:

According to the relaxed definition of unemployment, The percentage of persons who don't work nevertheless seeking or not seeking job, decreased from 29.1% in the 3rd quarter 2007 to 28.8% in the 4th quarter 2007, compared with 28.4% in the 4th quarter 2006.

According to the ILO standards, The percentage of persons who don't work, but seeking job decreased from 23.2% in the 3rd quarter 2007 to 22.2% in the 4th quarter 2007, compared with 22.0% in the 4th quarter 2006. The results showed that unemployment rate in the West Bank increased from 18.6% in the 3rd quarter 2007 to 19.2% in the 4th quarter 2007, while it decreased in Gaza Strip from 32.9% in the 3rd quarter 2007 to 29.0% in the 4th quarter 2007, despite of that unemployment rate in Gaza Strip still high.

Hebron governorate registered the highest unemployment rate among the West Bank governorates the percentage reached 30.5% followed by Tulkarem 21.4% then Jenin Governorates 19.2%, while in Gaza Strip, Khan Younis governorate registered the highest percentage of unemployment (34.2%) followed by Gaza North governorate 32.0%).

The results showed that the highest percentage of unemployment concentrated among the youth at different stages, the highest percentage registered for the age group 15-19 it reached 38.6%, thereof 33.5% in the West Bank and 52.4% in Gaza Strip, followed by 20-24 age group it reached 36.2%, thereof 29.6% in the West Bank and 48.4% in Gaza Strip, then 25-29 group, it reached 22.4%, thereof 21.4% in the West Bank and 24.4% in Gaza Strip.

The results showed that the lowest percentage of unemployment appeared among females who not complete any years of schooling. Whereas the percentage reached 28.8% for those whom finished 13 years of schooling and above. While the lowest percentage among males registered for whom finished 13 years of schooling and above it reached 13.5% whereas the highest percentage registered for those who finished 7-9 years of schooling it reached 26.7%.

Employed Persons:

At economic activity1 level the results showed that the percentage of those who are working in Agriculture sector in the West Bank decreased from 17.4% to 17.0% between 3rd quarter and 4th quarter 2007, While in the Gaza strip the results showed that there was a decrease of those who are working in construction sector from 3.7% in 3rd quarter to 1.5% in the 4th quarter 2007. and a decrease of those who worked at manufacturing sector the percentage decreased from 5.8% to 5.5% at the same period.

On the other hand the results showed that the percentage of employed persons at services and other branches sector reached 33.6% in the West Bank and 52.2% in Gaza Strip in the 4th quarter 2007.

On the other hand, the results in the West Bank showed increase of the percentage of wage employees, it increased from 57.6% in the 3rd quarter to 59.7% in the 4th quarter 2007, while the percentage of unpaid family members decreased (from 13.0% in the 3rd quarter to 11.8% in the 4th quarter 2007), While in Gaza Strip the percentage of wage employees decreased from 64.8% in the 3rd quarter to 62.5% in the 4th quarter 2007, and increase in the percentage of unpaid family members from 11.7% to 12.4% in the 4th quarter 2007.

The employment from the West Bank in Israel and Israeli settlements increased from 12.9% in the 3rd quarter to 14.0% in the 4th quarter 2007, whereas in Gaza Strip there was no access the workers to enter Israeli settlements.

The results showed that the public sector employed one fifth (22.5%) of total employment, 15.0% in the West Bank and 41.1% in Gaza Strip.

Wages and Work Hours:

The average value of the nominal daily net wage of the employees in the West Bank increased from 77.1 NIS in 3rd quarter to 80.3 NIS in the 4th quarter 2007, compared with 79.3 NIS in the 4th quarter 2006. while in Gaza Strip the nominal daily net wage of the employees remains at the same level 64.1 NIS between 3rd quarter and 4th quarter 2007, compared with 67.0 NIS in the 4th quarter 2006. Also the nominal daily net wage for those working in Israel and Israeli settlements increased from 131.9 NIS in the 3rd quarter to 133.1 NIS in the 4th quarter 2007, compared with 138.6 NIS in the 4th quarter 2006.

The average weekly work hours in the West Bank decreased from 42.5 work hour in 3rd quarter to 39.6 work hour in the 4th quarter 2007, and it decreased in Gaza Strip from 39.7 work hour in the 3rd quarter to 38.2 work hour in the 4th quarter 2007, also it decreased for those working in Israel and Israeli settlements from 43.9 work hour in the 3rd quarter to 40.3 work hour in the 4th quarter 2007.

Source: Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics
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